Danielle S. Rudes

Danielle S. Rudes

Danielle S. Rudes

Associate Professor

Organizational change, community corrections (probation/parole), prisons, law & society, prisoner reentry, problem-solving courts, implementation studies, street-level bureaucrats, and qualitative methods

Danielle S. Rudes, Ph.D. is an Associate Professor of Criminology, Law and Society and the Deputy Director of the Center for Advancing Correctional Excellence (ACE!) at George Mason University. She received her Ph.D. from the University of California, Irvine. Dr. Rudes is an expert qualitative researcher whose methods include ethnographic observation, interviews, and focus groups with over 20 years of experience working with corrections agencies at the federal, state and local county levels including prisons, jails, probation/parole agencies and problem-solving courts. She is recognized for her work examining how social control organizations and their middle management and street-level workers understand, negotiate, and at times, resist change. Dr. Rudes experience includes working with community corrections agencies during adoption, adaptation and implementation of various workplace practices and reforms including: contingency management (incentives/rewards/sanctions), risk-needs assessment instruments and motivational interviewing. Dr. Rudes serves as Associate Editor of the journals Law & Policy and Victims & Offenders and publishes regularly in journals such as Criminal Justice & Behavior, Federal Probation, Law & Policy, and Justice Quarterly. Dr. Rudes is also the 2012 winner of the Teaching Excellence Award, the 2015 Mentoring Excellence Award, the 2016 Emerging Researcher/Scholar/Creator Award, and the 2019 Sustaining Mentoring Award at George Mason University and the 2018 Teaching Award from the American Society of Criminology.

Current Research

Justice Community Opioid Innovation Network (JCOIN), Collaboration and Translation Center (GMU), with National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)

Changing the Hole Mind: Solitary Confinement Project (in collaboration with the PA-DOC)

Together Alone: Solitary Confinement Project (in collaboration with the PA-DOC)

Improving Access to Substance Abuse Evidence-Based Practices for Youth in the Justice System (with Oregon Social Learning Center and NIH)

Annual Survey of Probation & Parole (with BJA and RTI)

The Prison Project (in collaboration with the PA-DOC)

The Juvenile Justice Project

Selected Publications

Rudes, D.S. & Magnuson, S. (2019). Scapegoating Culture: Misunderstanding Organizational Culture as the Problem in Carceral Institutions and Beyond. Sociology Compass.

Kras, K. R., Dmello, J., Butterfield, A.E., Meyer, K.S. & Rudes, D.S. (2019). Attitudes Toward Punishment, Organizational Commitment and Cynicism: A Multi-Level Analysis of Staff Responses in a Juvenile Justice Agency. Criminal Justice & Behavior

Viglione, J., Rudes, D.S., Nightingale, V., Watson, C., & Taxman, F. (2018). The Many Hats of Juvenile Probation Officers: A Latent Class Analysis of Work-Related Activities. Criminal Justice Review, 43(2), 252-269.

Rudes, D. S. & Viglione, J. (2017). Gendered adherence: Correctional officers andtherapeutic reform in a reentry facility. The Prison Journal, 97(4), 496-519.  

Yang Y., Pankow, J., Swan, H., Willett, J., Mitchell, S.G., Rudes, D.S., & Knight, K. (2017). Preparing for Analysis: a Critical Step for Procedural Rigor in Large-Scale Multisite Qualitative Research Studies. Quality & Quantity, 1-14.

Viglione, J., Lerch, J., Rudes, D.S., & Taxman, F (2016). Big stick management: Tickets as discipline within a correctional reentry facility. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 44(2), 163-193.

Viglione, J., Rudes, D.S., & Taxman, F.S. (2016). Probation officer use of client-centered communication strategies in adult probation settings. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation.

Mitchell, S. G., Willet, J., Monico, L.B., James, A., Rudes, D.S., Viglione, J. Schwartz, R., Gordon, M.S., & Friedmann, P.D. (2016). Community Correctional Agents’ Views of Medication-Assisted Treatment: Examining their Influence on Treatment Referrals and Community Supervision Practices. Substance Abuse, 37(1). DOI: 10.1080/08897077.2015.1129389).

Kras, K. R., Rudes, D.S., & Taxman, F.S. 2015. Managing Up and Down: Community Corrections Middle Managers Role Conflict and Ambiguity during Organizational Change. Journal of Crime and Justice, 3, 1-15. (DOI: 10.1080/0735648X.2015.1085889).

Viglione, J.,  Rudes, D.S., & Taxman, F.S. 2015. The Myriad of Challenges With Correctional Change: From Goals to Culture. European Journal of Probation, (7), 103-123.

Viglione, J., Rudes, D.S.  & Taxman, F.S. 2015. Misalignment in Supervision: Implementation of Risk/Needs Instruments in Probation. Criminal Justice & Behavior, 42(3), 263-85.

Expanded Publication List

Book Chapters

Rudes, D.S. & Magnuson, S. (2018). Organizational change and criminal justice: Working within the iron cage. Criminology & Public Policy (3rd Edition). Edited by Kevin Wright and Scott Decker. Temple University Press.

Rudes, D.S., Kras, K. Meyer, K., & Magnuson, S. (2017). Organizational factors affecting evidence-based reform in community corrections. Evidence-Based Skills in Community Justice: International Perspectives on Effective Practice. Edited by Pamela Ugwudike, Jill Annison and Peter Raynor. The Policy Press.

Rudes, D.S., Viglione, J., & Meyer, K. (2016). Risky Needs: Risk Entangled Needs in Probation Supervision. Division of Corrections and Sentencing Handbook Series, Taylor & Francis/Routledge.

Grants and Fellowships




NSF (with Jill Viglione)

NIH (with Ashli Sheidow, Oregon Social Learning Center)

Courses Taught

• Prisoner Reentry, 2014 • Justice Organizations • Directed Readings in Justice Organizations • Qualitative Research Methods • Conduct of Justice Organizations at the Street Level • Community Corrections • Honors Seminar (Prisoner Reentry) • Capstone in Criminology, Law & Society • Experiencing the Criminal Justice System (special topic Drug Courts) • Punishment & Corrections • Violence • Deviance • Corrections


Ph.D., University of California, Irvine (Sociology)

Recent Presentations

Law & Society Association

American Society of Criminology

Western Society of Criminology

Southern Sociological Society

Society for the Study of Social Problems

American Sociological Association


In the Media

Radio Interview with AM/900 CHML (Bill Kelly Show, special guest host Rick Zamparin), (July 20, 2017: 10:35 a.m.) on what will OJ Simpson’s parole look like if he is paroled. http://globalnews.ca/pages/audio-vault-chml/

Featured in Mason News, Mason Recognizes Outstanding Researchers, Spring 2017. https://www2.gmu.edu/news/312376

Quoted in U.S. News & World Report, April 2016, on what would happen to Hillary Clinton if she is indicted for email misuse and received probation as a President or Presidential Nominee. (Nelson, S.) http://www.usnews.com/news/articles/2016-04-12/probation-for-president-hillary-clinton-heres-how-it-would-work

Quoted in The Washington Post, March 2016, regarding programs for formerly incarcerated adults. (Barnes, J.). https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/reentry-groups-invest-in-ex-inmates-to-break-the-cycle-of-crime/2016/03/01/ce27c0c0-db11-11e5-891a-4ed04f4213e8_story.html?hpid=hp_local-news_ll-prisoners-845am%3Ahomepage%2Fstory

Quoted in the Richmond Times Dispatch, August 3, 2015, for an article about Virginia’s parole abolition and recidivism. (W. Fiske). http://www.politifact.com/virginia/statements/2015/aug/03/mark-obenshain/obenshain-says-virginias-crime-and-recidivism-rate/

Radio interview with Virginia Talk Radio Network (WIQO), Lynchburg, VA regarding VA Parole Reform. July, 2015. https://soundcloud.com/va-talk-radio-network/criminology-professor-at-george-mason-danielle-rudes?in=va-talk-radio-network%2Fsets%2Flynchburgs-morning-show&utm_source=soundcloud&utm_campaign=share&utm_medium=facebook

Dissertations Supervised

Sara Debus-Sherrill, Measuring Correctional Victimization: Modern Day Methods for an Age-old Problem (2020)

Jennifer Lerch, Understanding Substance Use Trajectories among Probationers and the Impact on Re-arrest (2020)

Kimberly S. Meyer, "How I Turned Out": Juvenile Probationers’ Experiences Getting Into, Out of, and Overwhelmed by Justice Involvement (2018)

Jill Viglione, Bridging the Research/Practice Gap: Street-Level Decision Making and Historical Influences Related to Use of Evidence-Based Practices in Adult Probation (2015)